Excerpt forthcoming GabbyPress: America’s Final Revolution: Reconstructing Jefferson’s Promise of Liberty.

Our book presents a thesis of American history of perpetual class conflict between common citizens and the natural aristocracy. We offer a historical synthesis of American participatory democratic theory and Lincoln republican free labor ideology

Our history begins with the incompatibility between Jefferson’s promise of liberty and Madison’s constitution that permanently elevated the financial interests of what Madison called, the “natural aristocracy,” over the common citizens.

We use the economic history of the United States to provide a synthesis of social, economic and political events to explain why Madison’s republic ended in a successful coup on November 3, 2020.